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Internet platform for studying Xenophobia, Radicalism and Problems of Intercultural communication. Internet platform for studying Xenophobia, Radicalism and Problems of Intercultural communication. 

Terrorist Attacks

Terrorist Attacks The funeral of British drummer Lee Rigby, brutally murdered by Islamists in London on May 22, 2013

The murder of the British soldier Lee Rigby by two Islam fundamentalists on May 22nd (see above) definitely falls under the category of a terrorist attack. Apart from that, by September 2013 the police have made 257 arrests on alleged terrorism charges, which is 13 arrests less than were made over the same period last year. However, only in 48 cases the suspicions were confirmed and followed by actual investigations.

Interestingly, this year a whole new series of criminal cases against neo-Nazis, that were planning attacks on Muslims and their religious institutions, took place, which, undoubtedly, is connected to Lee Rigby’s murder.

Specifically, in October a 17-year-old EDL supporter, who planned to bomb mosques, appeared in court. He had procured the components necessary to create an explosive device and was caught during the process of assembling the bomb. This teenager from Loughborough was clearly under the influence of Nazi ideas – police officers have found a huge swastika painted on his bedroom wall. The charges were filed not only against him, but also against two accomplices, who were teenagers as well.

In 2014, the trial over the 41-year-old man from Birkenhead had begun. He was accused of terrorism in 2013. He also was preparing to blow up several mosques and Islamic community centres, for which he had assembled several homemade explosive devices.

There was a number of terrorist attacks in Northern Ireland. In January, a gang of vandals threw rocks at homes of Polish families in Belfast. 7 such attacks occurred in a week.

On January 28, 2014, nationalists set fire to cars belonging to Slovakian and Polish families. On March 8, two Romanian families' homes in the County Derry were attacked with nail bomb. On March 16, a Polish family living in a Loyalist area on the outskirts of Belfast have had to flee their home after several men attacked the families' house with a petrol bomb . In March, hooligans shattered the windows of a Polish family home in Belfast and blew up their car.

2017 was a year of the terror-attacks. On 22 March 2017, a terrorist attack took place outside the Palace of Westminster in London, seat of the British Parliament. The attacker, 52-year-old Briton Khalid Masood, drove a car into pedestrians on the pavement along the south side of Westminster Bridge and Bridge Street, injuring more than 50 people, four of them fatally. He then crashed the car into the perimeter fence of the Palace grounds and ran into New Palace Yard, where he fatally stabbed an unarmed police officer. He was then shot by an armed police officer and died at the scene.

Police treated the attack as "Islamist-related terrorism". Masood reportedly said in a final text message that he was waging jihad in revenge for Western military action in Muslim countries in the Middle East. Amaq News Agency, which is linked to Islamic State, said the attacker answered the group's calls to target citizens of states that are fighting against it, though the claim was questioned by the UK police and government. Police have found no link with a terrorist organisation and believe Masood acted alone.

On 22 May 2017 a radical Islamist detonated a shrapnel-laden homemade bomb as people were leaving the Manchester Arena following a concert by the American singer Ariana Grande. The incident was treated as an act of terrorism.

Twenty-three people died, including the attacker, and 139 were wounded, more than half of them children. Several hundred more suffered psychological trauma. The bomber was Salman Ramadan Abedi, a 22-year-old local man of Libyan ancestry. After initial suspicions of a terrorist network, police later said they believed Abedi had largely acted alone but that others had been aware of his plans. The incident was the deadliest terrorist attack and the first suicide bombing in Britain since the 7 July 2005 London bombings.

On 3 June 2017, a terrorist vehicle-ramming and stabbing took place in London, England. A van was deliberately driven into pedestrians on London Bridge before crashing on the south bank of the River Thames. Its three occupants then ran to the nearby Borough Market area and began stabbing people in and around restaurants and pubs. The attackers were Islamists inspired by Islamic State (ISIS).[8] They were shot dead by Metropolitan Police officers and were found to be wearing fake explosive vests.[9] Eight people were killed and 48 were injured, including members of the public and four unarmed police officers who attempted to stop the assailants.

48-year-old Darren Osborne hired a van and targeted Muslim worshippers meeting to prayer at the Finsbury Park Mosque in London. Sentenced to 43 years in prison for murder and attempted murder, Osborne was overheard in a pub the night before the attack that he was ‘going to kill all Muslims.’ The rise in so-called ‘lone wolves’ acting alone to carry out radical right acts of political violence and terrorism remains a pressing security threat in Britain today.

The Finsbury Park attack was a vehicle-ramming attack in Finsbury Park, London, England, on 19 June 2017. A van was driven into pedestrians in Finsbury Park, London, by Darren Osborne, causing one death and injuring at least nine people. This occurred near the Muslim Welfare House, 100 yards (90 m) from Finsbury Park Mosque. A man who had earlier collapsed and was receiving first aid died at the scene. The attack followed a series of other car-ramming attacks that happened during the year of 2017.The incident was investigated by counter-terrorism police as a terrorist attack.

On 15 September 2017 an explosion occurred on a District line train at Parsons Green Underground station, in London, England. Thirty people were treated in hospital or an urgent care centre, mostly for burn injuries, by a botched crude 'bucket bomb' with a timer containing the TATP explosive chemical. Police arrested the main suspect, 18-year-old Iraqi refugee Ahmed Hassan in a departure area of the Port of Dover the next day, and subsequently raided several addresses including the foster home of an elderly couple in Sunbury-on-Thames where Hassan had lived.

Hassan arrived in the UK illegally in October 2015 and had said that he had been compelled to undergo training by ISIL with about 1,000 other young people and he had feared members of his family would be killed if he had attempted to resist.[10] The incident was classified by Europol as a case of jihadist terrorism.

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