Civic Nation Unity in Deversity


In 2016, the problems of migration and terrorism remained in the focus of the European public. In this regard, the question of trust for the government did not lose its relevance. The year was also characterized by active actions of radical parties and groups, whose influence has significantly increased in recent years due to the influx of refugees.

The analysis of xenophobic manifestations and statistics of Hate crime in 2016 indicate that the social crisis caused by the influx of refugees, globalization and the growth of nationalistic sentiments in Europe continues despite the efforts of the authorities of most countries in the region. This crisis threatens to undermine social cohesion. That is also the and direct threat to the democratic values.

The purpose of this study is to analyze both the main manifestations of xenophobia and the activities of radical groups in Europe in 2016, and the forms of government response to these manifestations. The actions of the authorities were a separate subject of study, as they testify how far the state and European structures were ready for new challenges.

The objects of the study are 8 EU countries - UK, Hungary, Germany, Greece, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, and France, as well as, as already mentioned, two countries that are not members of the EU, but which have a significant impact on the political and economic processes in Europe, namely, Russia and Ukraine.

The preparation of the material involved researchers from various European universities and research centers: Department of History at Northampton University, UK; the Center for the Study of Fascism, Antifascism, and Post-Fascism at Teesside University, UK; the Institute for Strategic Studies of France; Department of Sociology and the Department of Social Research Methodology at Eötvös Loránd University (ELTE), Budapest; Political Capital Institute, Budapest; Faculty of Social Science at The Pantheon University of Athens; the Berlin Register for documentation of manifestations of right-wing extremism and discrimination in the district of Steglitz-Zehlendorf, Germany; the Institute for the Study of Crime and Law Enforcement, Netherlands; The history of the Jagiellonian University, Krakow; the Russian Institute for the Study of National Politics and Interethnic Relations, Moscow; the Ukrainian Institute of Analysis and Management.

The study analyzes legislation relating to minority rights, law enforcement practices, statistics and the nature of hate crimes, the level of xenophobia amongst the population, the position of the authorities in relation to modern challenges, and the activity of right-wing and Islamist groups.

Pan-European Report-2017-ed!.pdf (1,5MB)

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