Internet platform for studying Xenophobia, Radicalism and Problems of Intercultural communication.

Incitement of Hatred

Incitement of Hatred Roberto Maroni, leader of the League of the North.

Incitement of hatred and hate speech is taking place in Italy as a result of the spread of propaganda directed against migrants and minorities in general. First of all, it is a widespread myth of the growth of ethnic crime. The problem of ethnic crime occupies a prominent place in the ideology of the Italian far right. It was this argument that was used to announce a "state of emergency" for Roma people in 2008. In the media (especially online media), the topic of allegedly very high ethnic and migrant crime rises every time after another high-profile crime committed by a foreign national.

Media (including central publications) publish reports on resonant crimes committed by migrants, without giving general statistics on crime, which makes the population feel that migrants commit most of the crime. The source of xenophobic materials in the media is often the publication in social networks, the reliability of which journalists do not verify.

On August 12, 2014 Italian artist Peppe Barra said in an interview: "Immigrants spoil, contaminate and devalue Naples. They misbehave, they are arrogant and evil. This is not xenophobia, but fear. Immigrants bring only harm”.

On September 1, owner of a shop in Sicily, member of the DECO-Gruppo Amadori started a programme against the Romani called Decorum and Live-ability, which quickly spread across Italy.

The campaign states, “From Monday 1st of September, Confesercenti invites its members to display the following on their windows – Don’t give money to the poor, give it to Caritas ”.

November 3. In the small village of Monserrato (Cagliari, Sardegna), parents of children attending the local elementary school, have expressed strong opposition to the employment as ancillary staff, of two women of Roma ethnicity. The employment was part of a European plan of integration of minorities. Since 1963 a neo-Nazi publishing agency called “Edizioni di Ar” has been regularly publishing many anti-Semite authors. It has published works of a Fascist theorist Julius Evola, German race researcher and eugenicist Hans F. K. Günther, Romanian anti-Semite Michael Erzengel, “Iron Guard” (Garda de Fier) member Corneliu Zelea Codreanu, Muammar Gaddafi, and holocaust denier Claudio Mutti who supported the leader of Livia in the Israeli conflict and made many racist statements. “Edizioni di Ar” spreads its publications through the internet and also has its own book store in Avellino/Campania.

"Casa Pound” faction founded a culture centre called “Fascists of the Third Millennium” and a book store named “Futuristic Circle”.

There are several Italian extreme right musical bands, most popular being ZetaZeroAlfa – Casa Pound’s official band. Besides ZetaZeroAlfa, there are multiple smaller neo-Nazi bands, such as "Civico 88", "Garrota", "Legittima Offesa" and "Linea Ostile". Usually, these bands are tightly related to various neo-Nazi organisations. For example, according to police reports, Garrota is tied with a neo-fascist organisation “Twelve Rays” and was recently subject to police search.

On October 26, a neo-Nazi website called Holy War published an article accusing chief rabbi of Merano in provoking racial hatred against Christians. Monitoring recorded several cases of radical anti-Semitism. In late July, imam of San Dona di Piave, Raud Abdelbar, in his public prayer asked Allah to kill all the Jews for the happiness of Muslims. "Allah, bring them something that will make us happy. Recalculate all their polls, and kill them all to the last. Do not spare any of them”.

On October 1, a recently converted Muslim Italian rapper Vito R. posted a call to “murder all Zionists, including children, rabbis, etc.” on Facebook. He added that when an enemy runs, “he must be caught and destroyed”.

Anti-Semitic graffiti and swastikas have been found in Rome on May 3 and 27. On July 7, anti-Semitic graffiti was found on a bridge over Foglia river. On July 30 and 31, 2014 graffiti was put on a synagogue in Rome, saying “Fire for synagogues”. On August 5, graffiti “Jewish pigs, we will kill you all” appeared on the wall of a synagogue in Gorizia. On August 8, several posters calling for boycott against Israel and any “Jewish products and merchants” were found across Rome. Posters were signed by “Militia”, which is a right-wing extremist group.

On September 9, Islamophobic graffiti was found near ACLI in Padua, reading, “Muslim killers. Enough! Enough! Muslim Bedouins!” On September 27, anti-immigrant graffiti was found in Padua.

On May 11, it was reported that a potato shop displayed a poster, saying “Don’t be a faggot, eat potatoes”.

In 2013, there was a number of neo-Nazi concerts. Often, they were timed to various historical events, such as Adolf Hitler’s birthday on April 20. The larges concert/rally was held in Milan suburbs on June 15, 2013, gathering 2000 people. The concert, involving Nazi rock bands from across the world was organised by Skinhouse organisation.

In July 2013, Cuvelier physician Jianantonio Valli was noted distributing neo-Nazi and xenophobic literature.

In total, 484 cases of xenophobic propaganda were reported by the NGOs in 2015 (409 of them verbal, 46 graffiti, 4 racist posters, 21 publications, 4 websites and a blog, 55 public actions).

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