Internet platform for studying Xenophobia, Radicalism and Problems of Intercultural communication.


  1. General recommendations for the accession to international agreements and conventions.
  2. Great Britain has already accepted all international conventions and agreements related to protection of human rights. United Kingdom’s refusal to accept multiple resolutions of the United Nations General Assembly that attempt to prevent Nazism glorification is the result of Britain’s authorities’ fear that these resolutions might contradict the fundamental human right for freedom of self-expression.

  3. General recommendations for adjustments to the legal framework.
  4. In general, British anti-discriminatory and anti-racism legislation is rather well-developed. The issues related to xenophobia, racism, and extremism arise in British society not because of defects in legislation, but because of weak law enforcement practice.

    UK should abolish the restrictions imposed in the Immigration Act in 2014, as they give ground for abuse, rather than reduce the flow of illegal immigrants. It is also necessary to clarify the concept of “religious beliefs” in the anti-discriminatory legislation, because the ambiguity of the current definition allows many individuals who abuse religious people – especially in the workplace, to avoid prosecution.

    UK must adopt the Anti-Defamation Act that would eliminate the currently existing defamation-related free speech abuse loopholes. Finally, British government needs to take drastic measures against “caste discrimination” and do everything possible to introduce a congruent law.

    In terms of the legal frameworks, the first place to start would be to alter the Immigrant Act 2016 so that it is not so draconian, and new legislation should be introduced to make sure that the rights and welfare of all immigrants are protected. The introduction of the ‘illegal working’ offence, the ‘stop and search’ powers for immigration officials investigating the possible fraudulent use of a driver’s license, and the ‘Right to Rent’ scheme are all developments which can threaten the already vulnerable immigrants’ welfare.

    With regards to refugees, there is a dire need for legislation to be introduced which enshrines and protects their basic human rights. In the first instance, the government has too much power when it comes to deporting people who may be in danger; rules should be introduced so that independent reviewers have to assess the real danger posed by any given deportation. Further, more stringent rules should be introduced to ensure that the vulnerable people in refugee centres are more fully protected. Pregnant women, for instance, should not be placed in detention at immigration removal centres whatsoever. Further, the power given to officials working at immigration centres to have immigrants “thrown into solitary confinement against medical advice and held for hours without any explanation” should be immediately rescinded. Immigration centres should be more carefully inspected to ensure that people are being treated in a humane manner.

    There is, also, more care needed to be taken with the proscription of organisations under the Terrorism Act 2000. While many people welcomed the proscription of National Action by the Home Secretary, the act has not solved the problem represented by that group. Indeed, it may exacerbate the problem by channeling the activists into working underground, where they are harder to observe and the threat posed by them harder to assess. Further, there is a worry that the network of activists which constituted National Action, who still exist and communicate with each other, will seem more appealing to some youths due to the move.

    In terms of law enforcement, the “joint enterprise” laws need to be removed. Under the controversial laws, which allow the state to prosecute people who have acted in conjunction with a killer but who has not actually caused the death of a person to be tried for murder, hundreds of youths have been imprisoned with long sentences. In February 2016 the High Court ruled that “for the last 30 years our justice system had got it wrong on joint enterprise”, yet in December the courts upheld the convictions of those appealing their joint enterprise convictions in the first test appeals since the Supreme Court’s ruling, suggesting that little has changed around the law. These laws disproportionately target young black men, and as such are discriminatory as well as unfair.

  5. General recommendations for the executive bodies in the field of law enforcement and human rights.
  6. It is vital that strict measures are taken to eliminate still existing in the UK discriminatory practices against racial, ethnic, sexual, and religious minorities in the spheres of recruitment, health services, education, etc.

    Preventing discriminatory practices against immigrants and refugees - especially the ones belonging to ethnic minorities, and their children is also essential.

    Extra attention should be directed at preventing institutional racism in British law enforcement. Educational courses and trainings for the police officers could prove valuable for achieving this goal.

    The important and pressing recommendation must be for the UK Government to change its attitude rhetoric and policies with regards to the immigrants trying to gain entry to the country. While the Prime Minister’s agreement to allow an unspecified number of unaccompanied child refugees was a welcome and laudable development, it is by no means sufficient in fulfilling the country’s obligations to those people fleeing war from Syria and elsewhere. However, there is still the worry that this is empathetic rhetoric which will not be reinforced with any real concrete action. Indeed, the lesson learned from the campaign to leave the EU and the increase in hate crimes across 2016 is finding the political will to commit to allowing the appropriate number of refugees will be a difficult up-hill struggle. However, it would seem prudent to reintroduce the position of Minister for Refugees as a starting point to amend this situation.

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