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Terrorist Attacks

Terrorist Attacks

According to the Prosecutor General's Office, 23 terrorist acts of a political nature were recorded in the first half on 2014 alone. Only details of some of them are known.

On January 9, two policemen were wounded on the highway Kirovaul-Chontaul in the Kizilyurt district of Dagestan as a result of a bombing of the police car.

On January 17, in Makhachkala, unknown criminals fired from the grenade launcher restaurant “Golden Empire”, and then undermined the parked car from the restaurant.

On February 9, radical neo-Pagan Stepan Komarov fired his gun in the temple of Resurrection of Christ in Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk. As a result, a nun and a parishioner were killed, seven more were wounded.

On the night of April 21, two cabinets of the Kalinin Prosecutor’s Office in Chelyabinsk were set on fire. Swastikas and graffiti about Adolf Hitler and the law enforcement were found on the walls of the building.

On April 10, unidentified offenders opened fire at Magomed Zakaryaev – imam of a local mosque in Kirzil-Yurtovsky district of Dagestan.

On August 16, a deputy Mufti Rasul Gamzatov was murdered in North Ossetia.

October 5 in Grozny, 19-year-old Apti Mudarov carried out a suicide bombing after being stopped by policemen at the metal detector at the celebration of the City Day. 5 policemen were killed, 12 more people were injured.

On December 4, 2014, militants attacked Grozny Republican Press House, which was taken by in a raid. 14 police officers and 2 civilians were killed, 39 officers and 1 civilian was injured. 11 militants were eliminated, 5 of whom were identified.

October 31, 2015, a Russian plane was brought down over the Sinai Peninsula. All 217 passengers and 7 crew members were killed. Responsibility for the terrorist attack was assumed by the terrorist group “Islamic State” (ISIS).

On December 29, a group of tourists, who were visiting the Derbent fortress, were shot at. One person was killed and 11 others were injured. ISIS took responsibility for the attack.

On March 24, 2017, a Rosgvardiya base was attacked in the Chechen Republic. Six servicemen were killed and three were wounded. Six militants were liquidated.

On April 3, 2017, there was a bomb explosion in the St. Petersburg subway on the line between the Sennaya Ploshchad and Tekhnologichesky Institut-2 stations. Another explosion, at the Ploshchad Vosstaniya station, was prevented - the bomb was found in time. An improvised explosive device, found on "Vosstaniya Square," was packed with defensive elements. It was defused by explosive technicians. It was remotely controlled, and during neutralization the mobile communication was jammed. The explosive device had a yield of 1 kilogram of TNT equivalent, the device itself was disguised as a fire extinguisher.

The explosion was carried out by Akbarzhon Dzhalilov, a Russian citizen since 2011, an ethnic Uzbek and native of Kyrgyzstan. According to the FSB, the suicide bomber, his accomplices and handlers used the Telegram messenger at all stages of the organization and preparation of the terrorist act. Eight alleged terrorist accomplices were detained in St. Petersburg on April 5. They were recruiting natives of the Central Asian republics in the city to participate in the terrorist organizations Jebhat al-Nusra and the Islamic State.

A search was conducted in an apartment on Grazhdansky Avenue that was rented by Dzhalilov and components for making a bomb were found. On April 6, six more people were detained in St. Petersburg and two more in Moscow. All were from Central Asia. Investigators said they were involved in the attack. They came from Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan, and worked in a sushi bar. Firearms, ammunition and an explosive device similar to the one found on "Vosstaniya Square" were found in the possession of Dzhalilov's alleged accomplices. During a special operation to detain the suspects in a rented apartment on Tovarishchevsky Prospect in St. Petersburg, the bomb had to be defused on the spot. To do this, police and special services evacuated the residents of the apartment building.

On April 17 the FSB of Russia detained 27-year-old Central Asian Abror Azimov in Odintsovsky district of Moscow region, one of the alleged organizers of the attack. The special services believe that he was training a suicide bomber. Abror Azimov initially pleaded guilty, but then withdrew his testimony. On April 20 the head of the FSB of Russia, Alexander Bortnikov, stated that the terrorist act's mastermind was identified. Arrests of accomplices of the terrorist organization continued.

August 19, 2017 in the center of Surgut on Bazhov Street. The chronicle of events is as follows. A 19-year-old native of Dagestan named Artur Gadzhiev, dressed in dark clothes and wearing a balaclava (a cap with eye slits) on his head, carrying a moulage of a suicide belt, first tried to set fire to the Severny shopping center. Then he went out on the street with a knife in his hand and began literally slashing at random passers-by. People waiting for a bus at the Aurora bus stop were the first to be hurt. Then there were passers-by on Bazhov Street. Seven people were wounded, two of them seriously. After a brief chase, the perpetrator was shot and killed by a police officer.

On December 27, 2017, an improvised explosive device went off in a Perekrestok store in St. Petersburg at 44 Kondratyevsky Prospekt. The bomb was filled with defeatable elements. The explosion occurred in a storage room, but also hit one of the cashiers. The power of the explosion was about 200 grams in TNT equivalent. Thirteen people were injured in the explosion.

Below is a list of terrorist attacks that occurred in the country in 2018-22. On February 18, 2018, a man opened fire on people with a hunting rifle at a Shrovetide celebration in Kizlyar. Four people were killed in the incident, including the shooter himself. One of the victims died in hospital. The shooter was identified as 22-year-old Khalil Khalilov. Sources described him as a member of a "sleeper cell" of the terrorist organization "Islamic State," banned in Russia by the court. The organization claimed responsibility for the incident. Before the attack, the shooter recorded a video message calling for terrorist attacks.

On May 11, 2021, there was a mass murder in Kazan's Gymnasium 175, which killed 9 people and injured 32. The massacre was carried out by a former student of the school, 19-year-old Ilnaz Galyaviev. He graduated from high school four years ago and enrolled at TISBI College, where he completed his fourth year and was expelled for failing a grade. On April 28 he obtained a license to carry weapons and bought a Hatsan Escort shotgun. Before that Galyaviev started a telegraph channel called "God" where he stated that he "appeared in this world in the guise of a man" and wanted everyone "to recognize themselves as his slaves" and that today he intends to kill "a huge amount of biowaste" and then shoot himself. Immediately before committing the attack on the gymnasium on the morning of May 11, Galyaviev set fire to his apartment in three places and scattered an enormous amount of saltpeter on the kitchen floor. However, the fire was extinguished and the six-story building did not explode.

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