Internet platform for studying Xenophobia, Radicalism and Problems of Intercultural communication.

Treatment of Minorities

Treatment of Minorities The ethnic composition of Italy.

According to the results of the published in May 2014 poll conducted by the “Pew Research Center”, xenophobia-wise Italy takes on of the first places in Europe. 80% of Italians think that immediate measures must be taken in order to stop immigration; 79% argue that immigrants do not want to assimilate and integrate into Italian society; 69% see immigrants as stealing jobs and social benefits from Italian citizens; 45% are convinced that immigrants are to blame for increased crime rate. 85% of Italians do not like Roma, 63% do not like Muslims, and 24% do not like Jews.

In 2015, these figures remained relatively the same. 82% of Italians expressed negative attitude towards Roma, Muslims - 69%, Jews - 24%. According to a survey conducted in the spring of 2016 by the American Institute of Public Opinion Pew Research Centre, 85% of Italians considered that a significant number of Muslims in their country supported ISIS.

The scale of anti-Roma sentiments in Italy is demonstrated by the fact that the 9 million people viewed a video on Lega Nord’s leader’s Facebook page with a false interview with a Roma person. According to a report published by the Interior Ministry in 2015, 35% of Italians believe that more than 2 million Roma live in the country, which is 10 times more than their actual number.

The population also looks at refugees as people who take their money and commit crimes (especially after the migration crisis of 2015). As a result, rumours about the possible opening of refugee centres lead to demonstrations and protests, which nationalists actively use by creating citizen committees.

There are problems with discrimination of sexual minorities. According to a survey of 3 500 high school students in Rome, conducted jointly by the Gay Center Association and the T6 Co-operative, published on May 22, 2013, it was revealed that 5% of respondents refer themselves as gays or lesbians. More than half of them, on average 55%, believed that they were discriminated against in their school because of their sexual orientation. They also believed that they were discriminated against in the family (42%), in bars and entertainment (33%), in the media and the Internet (30%). Sometimes this discrimination leads to sad consequences: August 9, 2013 14-year-old teenager from Rome committed suicide due to homophobic ridicule.

Sociological survey by Ipsos PA, published on October 21, showed that 56% of practicing Italian Catholics support the recognition of same-sex union. 24% of them supported same-sex marriage, while 32% supported same-sex civil partnership.

These sentiments started to convert into political votes. At the last elections to the European Parliament on May 25th "Lega Nord" received 6.2% (5 seats in the European Parliament). "Fratelli d'Italia / Alleanza Nazionale" got 3.7% of the vote and did not get into the European Parliament. But the favorite of the election turned out to be the movement "Five Stars" led by Beppe Grillo, which received 21.1% of votes and 17 parliamentary seats.

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