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Internet platform for studying Xenophobia, Radicalism and Problems of Intercultural communication. Internet platform for studying Xenophobia, Radicalism and Problems of Intercultural communication. 

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Glorification of Nazism is present in Hungarian society mainly in the form of memorial actions in honour of the dictator M. Horthy, leader of the Hungarian National Socialists of World War II, who for a short time in 1944 became head of the state, and fallen soldiers of the Hungarian and German armies, and also the Hungarian Waffen SS. Hungarian authorities try to distance themselves from such events, but they do not interfere with the organizers of the right-wing radical parties and groups. These include, first of all, the Hungarian National Front and Pax Hungarica.

The most important event of the abovementioned hate groups and their followers is the so-called “Day of Honour” on 11 February. On this day in 1945 “some 28,000 German army, Waffen SS, and Hungarian troops accompanied by a large number of civilians attempted to break through Soviet lines encircling the city and escape to the wooded hills to the northwest. Most were captured, killed, or wounded by the Soviet army. Two days later the city surrendered.” Two small neo-Nazi groups the Skins4Skins and the Hungarian Hammerskins organized a silent and secret commemoration in the Buda Castle. According the video about the event 40–50 people put candles on the sculpture of János Kapisztrán . On the weekend after 11 February a series of events: Remembrance Hiking, commemoration, worship for the “memory of the heroes”, and concerts. These events were organized by a group of neo-Nazi groups, with active co-operation of the Outlaws’ Army and the Sixty-Four Counties Youth Movement. There has been not a single article in the mainstream media about it, therefore only from contents uploaded by these hate-groups can inform us about what happened. According to the homepage of the Outlaws’ Army: “This year the usurpers of power did everything to wreck the efforts of the organizers and to hinder the commemoration about our ancestors and heroes.”

In the morning hours of January 10, several people noticed in downtown Szolnok that a portrait of Ferenc Szálasi was placed next to the World War II memorial on Tiszai hajósok tere. Two candles and a wreath were also placed by Szálasi’s portrait. The editorial board of szoljon.hu asked the Szolnok local council for clarification about the portrait, to which they replied that they had not received any complaints, but that they would remove the portrait from the war memorial. The police said that no crime or offense was committed, nor was any other authority required to report the incident. The editorial board of szoljon.hu asked the Szolnok local council for clarification about the portrait, to which they replied that they had not received any complaints, but that they would remove the portrait from the war memorial. The police said that no crime or offense was committed, nor was any other authority required to report the incident. On the afternoon of 10 January, public space supervisors removed the portrait, the candles and the wreath.

In 2017, the commemoration event “Day of Honour” was held in a central part of Budapest, and it was joined by German, Italian, Greek, and Polish participants. The main organisers were HVIM, the Army of Outlaws, Identitesz, Skins4Skins Hungary, Hungaria Skins, Hungarian Hammerskins and Blood and Honour Hungary. Other fringe Hungarian neo-Nazi groups such as the Varese Skins and D.O.R.A., Örs Skins Legion, War and Cultural History Association and Southern Breakout also took part in the event.

The leading activist of the German neo-Nazi movement Der III. Weg, Matthias Fischer ended his speech with the farewell of the leader of the Hungarian Arrow Cross Party Ferenc Szálasi in the Hungarian language: Kitartás! (“persistence”). In his speech, the leader of the Army of Outlaws Zsolt Tyirityán talked about the importance of fighting for “living space” and the racial and national consciousness. At the end of the speech, Tyirityán praised the Waffen SS with the following words: “Recognition and respect for the Waffen SS! Glory to the Waffen SS!” Besides the event in the capital, a swastika flag was applied on an electricity pole in a village called Tök in Pest county.

The leader of the Army of Outlaws Tyirityán expressed his admiration for Nazism and the Waffen SS at some other occasions during 2017 as well. In November, the leader of MÖM Attila László published on Facebook a picture, which shows him and his close ally and friend Tyirityán wearing a T-shirt depicting leading officers of the Waffen SS and the text “White Power”. On the following day, Tyirityán published on the website of the Army of Outlaws a short text in which he again praises the Waffen SS and also two original promotion videos about the Waffen SS.

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