Internet platform for studying Xenophobia, Radicalism and Problems of Intercultural communication.


  1. General recommendations for adjustments to the legal framework.
  2. Hungary is recommended to adopt further amendments to the Criminal Code, which would classify racist motives as aggravating circumstances in the commission of any crime. In addition, the country needs a law providing responsibility for neo-Nazi activities, as well as a law aimed against the denial of war crimes. This would allow to effectively combat neo-Nazi organisations seeking to glorify Waffen SS and Horthy’s fascist regime.

    It is recommended that measures be taken to strengthen the role, authority, independence and capacity of independent state institutions (for example, the Ombudsman institution) to protect human rights and combat discrimination and hate crimes.

    Measures should be taken to ensure the independence of the judiciary and to monitor the appointment of judges, their promotion and regulation of their activities in accordance with international human rights standards. Judges must be provided for the duration of their stay in order to perform their functions in an independent manner.

  3. General recommendations for the executive bodies in the field of enforcement of law and human rights.
  4. Hungary needs to substantially adjust its law enforcement practice towards manifestations of xenophobia and radical nationalism. First, the country needs to have full and publicly available statistics on hate crime. It is necessary to abandon the practice of classifying such crime as domestic. Based on the experience of other countries, this only drives the problem deeper. Public statistics would allow to combat hate crime and general intolerance more effectively. It is necessary to intensify the preventative community outreach to counter ethnic tensions and prevent hate crime. It is also important to develop a system of law enforcement training, aimed at immediate identification and response to hate crime. Development of a system to counter indirect discrimination of national minorities in education and employment is also necessary to end the Roma segregation in secondary education and employment in Hungary. It is also useful to study the experience of other countries to improve representation of minorities in government bodies.

    It is important to adopt a national action plan for human rights with clear and specific goals and indicators, taking into account the recommendations of international and European organizations. It is necessary to revise the policy on financing civil society organizations solely from the state budget and develop additional and alternative sources of funding ensuring free and non-politicized access to financing for all NGOs. The media (and especially the public media) must refrain from propagating hatred and adopt standards of tolerance in covering events both inside the country and abroad.

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