Internet platform for studying Xenophobia, Radicalism and Problems of Intercultural communication.

Incitement of Hatred

Incitement of Hatred A meeting of activists of the ultra-right National Democratic Party in Berlin. The inscription on the poster: "Work first to the Germans!".

In the 1990s, Germany actively fought the extreme right by banning the establishment of such organisations. In response, a new extreme right culture and autonomous organisations emerge among the youth. Numerous new groups started appearing, calling themselves “fellowships”. They maintained contacts with neo-Nazis and skinheads and their main activities were done online.

In addition to these groups, there are numerous online platforms. One of them, World Wide News for People of European Descent, founded in 2002, positions itself as a respectable news website despite its clear leaning towards the extreme right. Another example of such media is the German branch of a network called “Other Media” (Altermedia-Deutschland.info), which copies and rewrites articles of respected publications with corresponding comments. Currently, this website is one of the most popular internet portals for extreme right activists. Altermedia is annually visited by 5 million people.

Organisation NordicTex (in Oberhof) hosts an extreme right website Ansgararyan. The organisation positions itself as the main defender of nationalist ideas. Similar position is occupied by Germaniaversand website, which cites Altermedia in its articles. Politically Incorrect website specialises in Islamophobic articles. When it comes to neo-Nazi graffiti, these regularly appear on the streets of large German cities.

In 2014, anti-Semitic calls have been made by Islamists. On July 11, Sheikh Abu Bilal Ismail, in a sermon in Berlin’s Al-Nour mosque praised Hamas and called for the "destruction of the Zionist Jews ... every single one." On July 17, an anti-Israeli demonstration was held in Berlin, where demonstrators chanted, “Jews, Jews, cowardly pigs, come out and fight!” and “Jews to the gas chambers” .

Germany has strict restrictions on distribution of extremist literature. However, particularly online bookstores of Germany often sell books about Wehrmacht, SS troops, etc. as “historical literature”. These books are published by small private publishing houses and distributed largely online.

In April, a book by Akif Pirincci - an ethnic Turk – became a bestseller of the month. Deutschland von Sinnen: Der irre Kult um Frauen, Homosexuelle und Zuwanderer (translated as “Germany out of her Sense: The mad cult of women, homosexuals and immigrants”) is full of hatred towards all three mentioned elements of society . The situation with music is more difficult, as it is harder to censor.

Federal Service for the Protection of the Constitution (Bundesamt für Verfassungsschutz or BfV) states, “Excluding jazz and classical music, there is not a musical genre that has not been infiltrated by extreme right organisations and that has not been used to conduct extreme right ideas”. According to BfV, music is actively used by German musicians who “glorify National Socialism, present Adolf Hitler and his allies as role models (or tragic heroes)” and try to “inspire racial hatred or incite to violence against foreign nationals, Jews and dissidents” .

There are many neo-Nazi groups, most of which are informal. Among the noteworthy ones are Burning Hate (Oberfranken), White rebel boys, Codex Frei (Kempten), Faustrecht (Mindelheim), Feldherren (München), National born haters (Neu-Ulm), Southern white punks (Augsburg), Sturmtrupp (Neuburg a.d. Donau), Untergrundwehr (Würzburg).

In 2014, neo-Nazis and radical nationalists held approximately 160 festivals and concerts.

In May and June there were two large Nazi rock concerts: one in Nienhagen (Sachsen-Anhalt) , the other one in Gera (Freistaat Thuringen) . In Schleswig-Holstein, the neo-Nazis opened two of their own rocker clubs "Brigade 8" and "Midgards Wächter" .

The popularity of neo-Nazi rock is evidenced by the distribution of CDs of this genre and the sale of “ideological” clothing, which is the main source of income of the radical nationalist parties such as the NDPG. Moreover, the lion's share of the profits comes from music and merchandise sale abroad, particularly in Eastern Europe .

It is worth mentioning Islamic anti-Semitism. Most commonly, it manifested in German Turkish media. Turkish-language press often talks about Jewish conspiracy, accuses them of conducting a Nazi-like policy in Germany, etc. Turkish book fairs often contain anti-Semitic texts.

On October 14, it was reported that Frankfurt Book Fair – largest in Germany – displayed Arabic books with anti-Semitic content (including the adapted text of Protocols of the Elders of Zion), glorifying terrorism and denying the Holocaust .

In 2015, according to the Germany’s international broadcaster Deutsche Welle, German neo-Nazi group “The Third Way” created an online map titled “No refugee centre in my backyard”, which shows the locations of refugee homes and planned shelters across Germany. A click on a dot offers a full address with a street name and number. The group has also published guidelines with detailed information on how to prevent shelters for asylum seekers being established in the first place. It also provides a guide on how to organise anti-asylum demonstrations and mobilise locals against the idea of having refugee accommodation constructed in their area.

In May 2017, there was an increase in the number of participants in right-wing extremist music festivals. In the first five months, 40 speeches of right-wing musical groups were recorded in the Federal Republic of Germany, 39 of them in the first quarter of 2017 (15 concerts and 24 smaller speeches, for example, song evenings).

One of the main events of the neo-Nazi music scene is the "Eichsfeld Day" festival, named after the venue, a small town in Thuringia. The festival is held for the seventh time. Prior to the concert, representatives of the NPD and the "European Alliance" (EA), the ultra-right network of Holocaust deniers, made a speech.[1]

The deputy of the Bundestag from the Left Party Ulla Yelpke notes: "Many experts speak about the close relationship between right-wing rock music and acts of violence on the part of neo-Nazis. Therefore, further growth in the number of right-wing radical music events is of great concern. In addition to the financial importance of these concerts for the neo-Nazi milieu, they serve as a starting point for the ideological legitimization of racists. Therefore, suppressing every concert is a victory of democracy. " Félix Benneckestein, a well-known rock musician who used extreme right-wing rhetoric in his songs, agrees with her. Bennenkenstein decided to break with the ultra-right and in his interview emphasized that such concerts are not only the meeting place of neo-Nazis, but also a source of radicalization, ideological "feeding." [2]

In May 2017, the anti-immigrant festival "Rock for Identity" was held, which was attended by 3,500 spectators. At that time, it was the largest number of guests of the right-wing musical event in Germany over the past seven years. For the police, such a number of visitors to right-wing radical concerts, according to the publication, was "a complete surprise." [3] However, in June, Thuringia hosted an even more massive festival of ultra-right "Rock against foreign domination. Save culture and identity! "There were 6,000 people from all regions of Germany and from abroad. The site was designed for 5,000 visitors, so the organizers had to expand the venue. [4]

According to the final report of the Berlin Register on documentation of manifestations of right-wing extremism and discrimination for 2017, the propaganda of racism, xenophobia, anti-Semitism and other misanthropic ideologies remains the most common form of expression of the right-wing worldview. Human rights activists recorded about 1.603 similar incidents in the German capital (2016: 1359), most of all in the field of racism, anti-Semitism and PR campaigns of right-wing extremist groups, trends and individual activists. [5] The most characteristic tools of such propaganda are graffiti, stickers, stickers and inscriptions.

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