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Radical Right-Wing Political Parties and Groups

Radical Right-Wing Political Parties and Groups The logo of the Croatian Party of Law

Nationalist opposition in Croatia is divided into a systemic (i.e. one that corresponds to the idea of a democratic parliamentary system) and non-systemic (which represents anti-democratic, extremist positions).

Among the former is the Croatian Democratic Union, which in the early 2000s completely taken over by moderate nationalists - Croatian Party of Rights and in due time a fracture from this party – the Croatian Pure Party of Rights. The main directions of their ideology: ethnocentrism, conservative populism, Euroscepticism, strengthening the role of the Christian church in the state. Based on these ideological attitudes, we can conclude that this category of nationalists as a whole can be classified as moderate.

The second group includes the Association of Croatian Nationalists, previously split from the Croatian Pure Party of Rights, the Croatian National Front and the “Croatian Association of World War II and the National Resistance” (Ustashe). Moreover, in the last presidential election in 2015 was won by a member of this party - Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovich, who became not only the youngest president in the history of Croatia, but also the first woman president.

The Croatian Democratic Union justifies Croatian soldiers who committed war crimes against the Serbs in the 1990s, stipulating that it was a “defensive and liberating war” and promises to “act decisively against attempts to falsify the historical truth”. CDU also protests “affirmative action”, presenting it as discrimination against Croatians.

The non-systemic rightist radicals do not have clearly defined political goals. They often claim that they are followers of the Ustashe ideology. Croatian law allows that, because as already pointed out, it does not foresee liability for the glorification of Nazism. Many of them believe their goal to be the construction of an authoritarian nationalist Croatian state. They consider the regime of President F. Tudjman from 1990-1999 liberal.

Meanwhile, like most modern neo-Nazis, the non-systemic radical nationalists categorically deny any parallels between themselves and the Nazis, claiming that they are “patriots” and are not associated with Nazism or communism. For example, it is officially stated on their website by the Croatian National Front and its leader Stjepan Penc.

Ideological components include the Euro-isolationism in foreign politics and the thesis of the messianic role of the Croatian nation in the Western European Catholic civilization.

A compulsory part of the programs of these parties is the slogan “Croatia for Croats”, by which they express their desire to collect all Croats in Croatia and deport all national minorities.

Stjepan Penc, for example, has repeatedly accused the Serb minority of the fact that they steal jobs from the Croats and covertly influence the local authorities and the country's financial system.

Additionally, homophobic views and ideas of historical revisionism, associated with the glorification of the Ustashe and their slogans in an environment of radical nationalists are very popular.

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