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Radical Right-Wing Political Parties and Groups

Radical Right-Wing Political Parties and Groups

In Poland there is a number of ultra-nationalist organisations. In November 2012, the leaders of organisations “Polish Youth” and the National Radical Camp announced the proclamation of the National Movement (NM). In March 2013, the leaders of the Movement stated its ideological declaration. According to it, the main goal of the movement is the protection and promotion of Polish national identity “built on Christianity.”

On June 8, 2013 in Warsaw, the first congress of the National Movement took place. It was attended by more than 1,000 people, including foreign visitors. The main topics of discussion during the Congress were on necessary changes in politics, economics and foreign policy of Poland.

The more radical side is represented a small ultra-nationalist political party “National Revival of Poland” (NRP), which considers itself the successor of “Falanga” the far-right organisation of interwar Poland.

Ultra Catholic party “League of Polish Families” which was a part of the government in the mid-2000's actively uses homophobic rhetoric. In the last week of August nationalists held XI Summer Camp “The Cross and the Sword”, whose members had a combination of ideological and physical training.

In 2013, visits of Polish skinheads to the Czech Republic and Slovakia to participate in mass actions were recorded. On October 23-24 a conference of the European nationalists was hosted in Warsaw . A nationalists march in Krakow on November 11 was attended by the leader of the British nationalist Nick Griffin, who said that “influential Zionists want to destroy white Europe by settling the natives 'third world” .

The declaration of the so-called Third position (the neo-Nazi ideology, in opposition to capitalism and communism), a follower of NRP, contains anti-Semitic thesis about “world domination of Zionism” .

The party also expresses anti-Roma sentiments . The organisation “National Revival of Poland” held protests against the Roma in Wroclaw and “Roma crime” in Zabrze in 2013.

Ultra Catholic party “League of Polish Families” which was a part of the government in the mid-2000's actively uses homophobic rhetoric. In the last week of August nationalists held XI Summer Camp “The Cross and the Sword”, whose members had a combination of ideological and physical training.

NM and NrP are actively cooperating with “colleagues” from other countries. In 2014, Polish nationalists have visited Great Britain, Belgium, Finland and the Czech Republic to participate in public actions, including rallies in support of the Greek Golden Dawn.

According to opinion polls, the National Movement (ND) is supported by around 2% of respondents. However, during the presidential elections in 2015, candidate from the National Movement, Marian Kowalski, received only 0.52% of the vote.

Nationalists actively cooperate with Institute of National Remembrance, a governmental historical and archival institution established in 1998 ,engaged in the study of the activities of the security bodies of Poland in the period of 1944-1990, as well as the security agencies of the Third Reich and the Soviet Union, in order to investigate crimes against Polish citizens during this period, as well as the implementation of the lustration procedures, employing a number of far-right activists .

The following main right-wing parties and groups were generally active in Poland as of 2021:

  • Association "Independence March". The president of the Association: Robert Bonkiewicz. The Association is the main organizer of the Independence March on November 11th in Warsaw (Polish Independence Day). The goals of the organization: forming social pillars of independence and sovereignty of Poland. Ways to achieve them: to demonstrate the paramount importance of the Catholic faith in public life; to spread knowledge about the history of Poland; to preserve and spread national, civic and cultural traditions; to create a sense of national community; to initiate and support cultural and patriotic events; to organize conferences and trainings; to conduct publishing and information activities.
  • National Movement (see above). President of the National Movement: Robert Winnicki. A political party since 2015. Aims: Protection and strengthening of Polish national identity based on Christianity. The fight against cosmopolitanism. The ND also declares the protection of the family, understood as marriage between a woman and a man. The NM wants to guarantee patriotic education and end liberal-leftist propaganda. The state, its culture and economy must be sovereign. As for freedom of speech, the party seeks to fight political correctness, which "promotes degeneration."
  • Confederation of Freedom and Independence. A right-wing political party of Eurosceptics, received 6.81% of the vote in the 2019 parliamentary elections (11 deputies).
  • All-Polish Youth (PY). The president of PY: Jemowit Przebitkowski. The All-Polish Youth is an association of people "who love their homeland and are devoted to the Catholic Church. "It was renewed in 1989. The purpose of the PY is "to educate its members inspired by national, patriotic and Catholic values."
  • National Radical Camp (NRC). This is a movement that declares no interest in politics. Instead it offers "national activism. The NRC is the co-organizer of the Independence March in November. It also opposes "leftist propaganda" and carries out philanthropic activities. In its Ideological Declaration, the NRC declares that. "Redemption is the ultimate goal of man, and the Catholic Church is the pillar of Polish existence; the nation is the highest earthly value; biological racism must be condemned, but ethnic homogeneity must be preserved; the family is the pillar of the nation; the Polish state is the product of the collective will of Poles; the state system guarantees justice and national solidarity; it must be based on authority, sovereignty, hierarchy, self-government, solidarity; the role of political parties must be limited, as they are harmful."
  • Polish National Renaissance (PNR). Radical political party founded in 1981. They position themselves as a "third force." Their declaration contains the following provisions: primacy of the spirit; a moral order that excludes liberalism, socialism, capitalism and Zionism; political decentralization (self-government) as an ideal of popular government; racial separatism, according to which "different peoples and cultures cooperate in an atmosphere of respect and understanding on a mutually beneficial basis, preserving each other from the chasm of internationalism and human uniformity." A balance between agriculture and urbanism; the fight against banks and the decentralization of property, which will lead to "the emergence of many production and service cooperatives, small businesses, craft workshops, Guild structures, artisan associations, small holdings, family firms and family farms"; freedom and social justice as the main goal of the party.

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