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Attacks

Attacks Dynamics of hate crimes in Russia, 2014-2015: a decrease in the number of violent crimes against the background of a general increase in registered offenses.

According to the Prosecutor General's Office of the Russian Federation, the number of registered violent hate crimes in the Russian Federation declined in 2015 from 134 (2014) to 115. Of these, 97 attacks were recorded by the monitoring.

Non-governmental organisations give a figure of 70 hate-motivated attacks, which is probably due to different evaluation methods: the criteria for hate crimes in both countries may differ. According to NGOs in 2015, 81 people became victims of violent hate crimes, 16 of them were killed and 65 were injured (in 2014, respectively, they recorded 101 attacks, in which 35 people were killed and 146 injured).

Unfortunately, Russian law enforcement does not provide statistics on the categories of hate crimes. However, according to the Autonomous Non-Profit Organization (NGO) “Institute for the Study of National Policy and Interethnic Relations,” during the period under review, 20 attacks were registered against members of sexual minorities, during which three victims were killed (in 2014 - 73), 10 attacks on members of the Jehovah's Witnesses community (in 2014 – 9), 13 crimes related to anti-Semitism, including 2 murders of Jews and 11 acts of vandalism (18 cases in 2014); 2 attacks on anti-fascists by neo-Nazis; 22 attacks related to phobia to Muslims in general or to individual Islamic denominations (in 2014 - 17) - 3 imams were killed and 6 people (4 of them imams) were injured in different regions of the country, 14 acts of Islamophobic vandalism were also committed; 1 case of an attack on an Orthodox priest.

According to ethnic composition of victims, the following statistics emerge in descending order: Dagestanis (2 dead, 4 injured), Kirghiz (2 dead, 1 injured), Jews. (2 dead), Tajiks and Syrians (1 dead, 2 injured), Ukrainians (1 dead), Russians (3 victims), Uzbeks (2 victims), Armenians, Kazakhs, Kalmyks (1 injured). The exact nationality of the 33 victims is unknown. At the same time, a significant number of victims (anti-fascists, LGBT, Jehovah's Witnesses) are persecuted regardless of their nationality.

In terms of geographical locations, Moscow and the Moscow region (4 dead and 25 victims) traditionally “lead” in the number of victims. Closely following Moscow is St. Petersburg and the Leningrad Region (3 dead, 12 injured). In third place, “thanks” to the shelling of tourists in Derbent, should Dagestan (3 dead, 11 injured). It is followed by the Voronezh Region (2 dead), Kursk Region (1 dead, 2 injured), Krasnoyarsk and Stavropol Territories (1 death toll), Rostov Region (4 victims), KhMAO, Khabarovsk Territory, Murmansk and Samara Regions (2 victims each ), Altai and Perm Krai, Chuvashia, Mordovia, Kabardino-Balkaria, KChR, Karelia, Arkhangelsk, Volgograd, Vologda, Nizhny Novgorod, Tver, Yaroslavl regions (1 casualty each).

By the end of 2015, we observed a noticeable reduction in the number of attacks (in 2014 there were 101 of them according to NGOs). The reason for this may be the work of law enforcement agencies, the severe pressure of the authorities on nationalist groups, and the departure of radical nationalists from Russia. For example, in 2014-15 about 3,000 Islamist radicals with Russian passports left to fight in Syria. However, nationalists are maintaining their influence. This is evidenced by the fact that LGBT (3 dead and 17 injured) and Jehovah's Witnesses (10 victims) occupy a notable place among the victims (as in 2014), hostility to whom has been actively introduced over the past few years, including at the official level, as well as through the media. Antifascists have also been subjected to attacks (2 victims).

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