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Civic Nation Unity in Deversity

Incitement of Hatred

Incitement of Hatred A wall decorated with origami from colored paper in the Romanian city of Cluj-Napoca during the festival "No hate speech!", February 2014.

In 2013, the monitoring has recorded cases of Roma-phobic, Hungary-phobic and anti-Semitic threats and incitement to hatred. On January 15th Romanian party “autonomous nationalists” announced that rewards of 300 lei will be given to each Roma woman who voluntarily undergoes sterilization in 2013. On February 8th at the building of the Hungarian Embassy in Bucharest a spontaneous demonstration was hosted, the participants of which were Romanians who used abusive Hungarian slogans: “If you do not know Romanian, get out of here”, “Romania is my homeland, your’s is Mongolia”.

On February 9th, 2013, the walls of the Jewish cemetery of Timisoara, the third largest city in Romania, were painted with swastikas and “decorated” with slogans “Death to the Jews”.

Roma-phobic and Hungary-phobic slogans are regularly heard at the matches of FC “Steaua”. Party “Great Romania” supports two online publications «Revista România Mare» and «Ziarul Tricolorul», who publishes statements of the party leader V. Tudora against his political opponents and minorities.

On January 9, 2014, leader of “Great Romania” party George Funar stated on Realitatea TV channel, that the acting law that liberalises the sale of agricultural lands and allows its sale to foreigners can lead to “elimination of Romanian nation and disappearance of Romania as a country from the map of Europe”. “Great Romania” website contains articles aimed to “prove” that the Hungarians living in the Székely region and since 1940 have destroyed all traces of Romanian civilization, and earlier this land was exclusively inhabited by Romanians. Hungarians referred to as “the invading colonists” and expressed hope for the restoration “of the Romanian majority” in the province.

Transylvanian Hungarian People's Party was in favour of the autonomy of the so-called Székely region and the main language status for the Hungarian language in the territory.

On the other hand, on March 10, 2014, an unsanctioned large-scale march was held in Tigru Mures. Many thousands of Hungarians gathered to advocate Hungarian autonomy and protest the assimilation policy conducted by Romanian government. During the action, members of the far-right party “Jobbik” who arrived from Hungary chanted, “Székelyföld – is not Romania”, “Everyone in Bucharest is a gypsy”, and “Death to Trianon”. The action resulted in a clash between the Hungarian radicals, primarily from Jobbik, and the Romanian gendarmes.

On August 19, 2014, Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania proposed evicting ethnic Romanians from Transylvania, who are not willing to live alongside Hungarians.

Hate speech and incitement to hatred is so far not translated into votes. Economic problems seem to worry the general population more than nationalists’ agenda. On the other hand, leading parties have been known to “borrow” nationalist rhetoric from the extreme right. In 2014 European Elections, Great Romania party received 2.7% of votes. On Presidential elections, Mr Tudor received 3.68%, while Mr Funar received only 1%.

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