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Civic Nation Unity in Deversity

Treatment of Minorities

Treatment of Minorities In 2015-16 years. In Poland, one of the highest levels of migrantophobia in Europe was recorded.

According to a public opinion poll, conducted by a Public Opinion Research Centre (CBOS), that was published on February 3, 33% of Poles have negative attitude towards Ukrainians, 34% - to Jews, 35% - to Turks, 39% - to Russians, 41% - to Romanians and 52% - to Gypsies (Roma). Polish sociologist, Ian Polesuk from Bialystok University, noted in late February, that recently radicalisation is observed amongst Polish youth. Sociologist Dr. Lukas Yursichin, one of the founders of Social Movement Analysis Society, stated that public actions of ultra-right wing activists are an “alarming signal, indicating radicalisation and isolation in the society, and maybe even an omen of serious acts of violence in our cities.” He noted, that currently in Polish society, an “open wave of anti-Semitism” is observed.

According to a survey conducted by CBOS in January 2015, 58% of respondents said they were negative towards the Roma, 50% - towards Russians, 32% - Ukrainians, 22%, - Lithuanians, 29% - Belarusians, 32% - towards Jews. According to a survey conducted by the CBOS in March 2016, 67% of the Poles expressed their dislike for the Roma and Arabs, 50% for the Russians, 37% for the Jews, 34% for the Ukrainians, 32% for the Belarusians, 27% for the Lithuanians, 26% for the Germans, 13% - to the Czechs and Slovaks.

Results of the polls show a significant increase in anti- Roma and anti-Russian sentiments, maintaining a high level of anti-Semitism and a negative attitude of a significant part of the Poles to their eastern neighbours. The data of general surveys is confirmed by more narrowly focused surveys, dedicated to the attitude towards one or another specific people.

Polish sociologist Jan Poleshchuk from the University of Białystok noted in 2013, that radicalisation of a part of Polish youth has become more noticeable. Sociologist Dr. Lukasz Jursicin, one of the founders of the Society for the Analysis of Social Movements, said that the public actions of the ultra-right are “an alarming signal that indicates radicalization and isolation in society, and maybe even an omen of the most serious acts of violence in our cities.” He noted that at the moment there is an “open wave of anti-Semitism in Polish society.”

Results of a survey of Warsaw students were published on April 19, 2014. The survey indicated a high level of anti-Semitism in Warsaw (and probably in all of Poland). 44% of students responded that they would not like to have Jewish neighbours. The same amount would not like to have Jewish relatives. 40% would not like to study in the same school with Jews. 61% responded that they would stop talking to their friend, if he went back or converted to Judaism. In addition, when answering questions about the Holocaust period, 55% considered adequate the extremely limited assistant of Poles towards their Jewish compatriots during Holocaust, and 11% even considered it excessive . При At the same time, one in four of students called Nazi concentration camps a “Hitler’s successful project.

Significant migrantophobia is also observed. A survey conducted in late 2013 showed that 2/3 of Poles believe that Poland should not encourage immigration from Africa, Asia and Eastern Europe .

In September 2013 during the conflict between local people and a band of Roma in Andrychow more than 2,000 Internet users signed for to the requirement of “clear the city of Roma” .

:In 2015, there was an increase in anti-Muslim sentiments. If in 2014, 56% of respondents demonstrated Islamophobia, and in 2015 they were already at 66%. According to a survey conducted by Pew Research Centre in the spring of 2016, 88% of Poles felt that a significant number of Muslims in their countries supported ISIS.

Homophobia is also strong in Poland, which is not surprising because of the strict positions of the Catholic Church. According to polls conducted in August 2015, 71% do not accept civil same-sex partnerships in the form of actual cohabitation, 63% do not accept them as legally registered partnerships. Xenophobia is converted into votes. Following the results of the elections to the European Parliament on May 25, 2014, the party “Congress of New Right” received 7% of votes. In 2015, the party “Right and Justice” (37% of the vote) returned to power, and the extreme right-wing “Kukiz15” movement created by musician Pavel Kukiz in alliance with the “National Movement” (8.81% of the vote) was elected to parliament.

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