Civic Nation Unity in Deversity



The OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR) provides official information about 3,614 hate crimes reported in the Netherlands in 2013, 83 of which resulted in criminal cases.

According to the OSCE / ODIHR, there were 5,721 hate crime cases in 2014, while criminal proceedings were initiated in 133 cases. According to non-governmental organisations, 60 such crimes were committed, which seems to be an understated figure, since this it most likely does not take into account non-violent crimes. Despite the fact that there is no unified statistics, there is some fragmentary data. In particular, according to the Israel Information and Documentation Centre, in 2014 there were 171 anti-Semitic incidents in the country.

In 2015, OSCE / ODIHR reported 5,288 hate crime cases in the Netherlands. Data on criminal cases is absent. Experts from non-governmental organizations give a figure of 289 incidents, which is likely, again, a statistic of only violent crimes.

In the same year, 126 anti-Semitic incidents were recorded in the country (6 attacks, 24 verbal insults, 16 cases of insults in educational institutions, and 12 insults on the Internet).

The hotline for reporting Islamophobia recorded a total of 158 cases of violence against Muslims in the Netherlands in 2015. In 90 percent of these cases, women wearing headscarves were targeted. 29 percent of those incidents involved physical violence. According to Dutch expert on radical nationalism and Islamophobia, Ineke van der Valk, 39 percent of the 475 mosques in the Netherlands have experienced discriminatory aggression, for example arsons. Sixty-eight percent of the mosque organizations that filled in a survey stated they experienced some kind of aggressions, mainly the smashing of windows. Eighty-five percent of these incidents were reported to the police, but 51% didn’t feel they were helped or taken serious by the police. According to a member of Contactorgaan Muslim en Overheid, Yassin Elforkani, most of anti-Muslim incidents are carried out by individuals. For example, in Almere, a man drove into a group of girls on his bike, kicked them and called them ‘f*** Muslims’. In Rotterdam, a girl was spat at and mosques sprayed with graffiti.

In October 2015, the Netherlands witnessed a new wave of violence after Geert Wilders called on supporters to ‘resist’ the setting up of refugee centres. Far right groups mobs organized several violent protests to “disrupt” meetings organized to discuss the location of temporary refugee centres. Halbe Zijlstra, who leads the VVD parliamentary party, received a letter with a bullet and two cars belonging to a local Groen Links representatives were set on fire. In reaction to these incidents, the leaders of all the main Dutch political parties, including Wilders, have issued a joint appeal for an end to threats and intimidation in the debate over refugees.

In 2014, 5 hate crimes against LGBT people were recorded, including physical assaults causing serious injuries. The hate crime statistics are not available for 2015, except for the five gay asylum seekers in Amsterdam who have been moved to a new location after they were spat on and attacked by other people in their refugee centre.

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