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Civic Nation Unity in Deversity

Monuments to Collaborators

Monuments to Collaborators

In 2013, a bust to Admiral Miklos Horthy was installed at Budapest’s Freedom Square. Installation of the bronze statue was initiated by the Jobbik party and with the tacit support of the ruling Fidesz Party. According to the head of the Chancellery of Prime Minister Janos Lazar, the government will not formulate an official position regarding the controversial monument. The Jewish community of Hungary and the World Jewish Congress expressed their protest at the installation of the monument to the dictator.

In 2014, a memorial was opened to the victims of Nazism in Hungary on Freedom Square in Budapest. The sculptural composition itself is an image of a black eagle, as a symbol of Hitler's Germany, which towered over thirteen columns, and the figure of an angel symbolizing Hungary. The composition provoked mass protests among the townspeople who believed that Hungary was by no means an angel during the war years. The country not only was an ally of Hitler's Germany until 1944, but its leaders actively contributed to the destruction of their own Jewish population. The monument, erected on the initiative of the ruling Fides Party, aroused particularly vigorous protests from the Jewish community, which reminded the government of hundreds of thousands of exterminated Jews, as well as a number of anti-Jewish laws of the times of Horthy and Salash. The monument was opened under the cover of night on July 22, 2014. Since then, people have been leaving photos at the monument, picturing murdered Jews, anti-fascists, as well as Hungarian leaders during the Second World War, responsible for the Holocaust. However, the government took into account the criticism and promised to representatives of the Jewish community to take it into account when creating a similar museum.

In 2015, the protests of the Hungarian Jewish community were prompted by plans to create a monument to Bálint Hóman, a politician of the interwar period, a historian and minister in Horthy Hungary with anti-Semitic views in Székesfehérvár in the central part of the country. He played an active role in anti-Semitic politics of that period and in the adoption of the well-known anti-Jewish laws of Hungary in the 40s. 20th century. Despite the fact that in May 2015, Prime Minister Victor Orban during his visit to Szekesfehervar called for the rehabilitation of Homan, he was forced under the influence of criticism both inside the country and abroad, to abandon this idea in just a few weeks before the works on the monument were supposed to start.

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