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Civic Nation Unity in Deversity

Revision of World War Two History

Revision of World War Two History Josip Bolkovac

In the official Croatian interpretation, the Ustasha continue to be regarded as fascists, collaborating with Hitler and guilty of destroying innocent people. However, from time to time, individual political leaders seeking to play a nationalist card attempt to prove that Ustasha had positive aspirations for Croatian people’s independence.

For example, in 1991, President of Croatia Franjo Tudjman allowed the umammas in exile to return to Croatia. He was also the first among Croatian politicians to begin to talk about the role of the Independent State of Croatia - a puppet state formed during the Second World War - as a “Croatian nation state.” In one of his speeches, Tudjman stated that Croatia during the Second World War was not only a Nazi formation, but also expressed the age-long aspirations of the Croatian people.

In 10 Croatian settlements, a number of streets have been renamed in honour of one of the leaders of the Ustasha Miele Budak. Ivo Rojnica, head of the Ustasha in Dubrovnik in 1941-1945, accused of expelling Serbs, Jews and Roma, living in Argentina after the Second World War, was appointed by Tudjman as his authorized representative in Buenos Aires.

Mass destruction of monuments to anti-fascists also took place; in particular, the Monument to the Victory of the Slavonian peoples, the Belovarets monument, the monument to the victims of the Yadovenko concentration camp, etc. After Tudjman's arrival to power, government started pensions for former Ustashi and veterans of the armed formations of the Independent State of Croatia.

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